CORRELATION BETWEEN ECG CHANGES AND MMSE IN ELDERLY PEOPLE
Cardiovascular disease occupies a central role in morbidity and mortality in elderly persons. We propose an analysis of the ECG of elderly, hospitalized in the geriatrics compartment of the Timisoara CF Hospital, correlated with organ involvement and MMSE values.Over a period of six months there were 150 persons hospitalized older than 65 years (n = 150), the ratio M/W = 1/3. The main associated diseases were hypertension, ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes, ischemic colitis, generalized atheromatosis and transient ischemic attack (n = 5).
Main ECG changes were: LVH (74%), A-fib (40%), ischemia/injury (25%)
Correlation between ECG changes and MMSE value showed:
- Normal MMSE value (n = 40) - altered EKG: LVH 60% AF 15%; Moderately low MMSE value (n = 75) - LVH 75% AF 45%, ischemia/injury 25%; low MMSE value (p = 35) - LVH 90%, AF 60%, ischemic/injury 30%
Analyzing these data we can assume that ECG changes may estimate MMSE value and the necessity to establish early treatment of vascular protection and a tonic cerebral intervention.